Nepal is situated in southeast Asia between Tibet to the north and India to the south. It is one of the poorest countries on this planet. The gross national income per head is below 60 USD per month. Almost a fifth of the population is suffering from undernourishment. Nepal was stricken with a devastating earthquake in 2015 which caused severe damage to the country and its population.
The north and east of nepal host a large part of the Himalayas, including the Mount Everest, whose peak represents the highest place on earth in a height of 8848 meters, and seven more of the ten highest mountains on earth. Nepals lowest point is 70 meters above the sea in Kencha Kalan in the south of Nepal. Over 40 % of the land of Nepal are above a height of 3,000 meters, making it the country with the second highest average land height on earth (Tibet being the averagely highest country in the world).
With an age of 45 million years, the Himalayas are a relatively young mountain range. Several rivers, all of which flow into the Ganghes, have bitten deep ravines out of the mountains. Kali Gandaki, with a depth of approximately 6,000 meters compared to the two giants Dhaulagiri (8,167 m above sea) and Annapurna (8,091 m above sea) is the deepest ravine of the world.
Ethnically and culturally Nepal is a mosaic of minorities. As a result of a census in 2001 over 100 different ethnic groups and castes were identified, as well 124 different languages and dialects (most of which are threatened with extinction).
Roughly 80 % of the population are Hindu. Another 9 % are presumed Buddhists. Lumbini, which is near to the border of India, is the birthplace of Buddha according to lore.
There are also a significant minorities of muslims (4 %), as well as smaller exotic religions.
Christians make up only roughly 1.4 % of the population, but there exist many schools which are run by Christians, especially in Kathmandu Valley. Having a good reputation, they tend to attract also people from other religions.